What is the camera sensor?

The camera's sensor is the part of the camera that records the light information. Before digitial cameras different sized film was used (35mm, medium, large format) to record the light information. Nowadays the sensor is digital and uses electronics to record the information. The bigger the sensor (or the film size back in the day) the more information that can be recorded providing for a better quality picture. In this way the size of the sensor also determines how big you can print your picture! If you want to print a billboard with a sharp clear picture you will need a bigger sensor.

35mm film

 

What are MEGApixels?

A megapixel is 1 million pixels. Pixels are small squares that are put together like pieces of a puzzle or mosaic to create your photographs. If you zoom in really close you can actually see them on Photoshop. The resolution of your image will be determined in large part by how many of these tiny squares are packed together in a small space. Most modern cameras have more than enough pixels and quality is determined more by sensor and camera lens. However, companies still advertise this because people falsley believe that MORE = BETTER.

 

What is FPS?

FPS stands for frames per second. It is how fast the camera can take a picture. A camera with 5 fps means that the camera can continuously shoot 5 pictures per second. More FPS can help a photographer capture more images of fast moving subjects.

 

AF stands for Autofocus and specifically for Canon how many Autofocus points that model camera has. The more AF points the camera has the faster more accurately the camera can focus on the subject. Higher end model cameras can focus extremely quickly (fractions of a second) and extreme accurately.

What is AF?

 

The colour of the light will affect the colours in your photographs. You probably won't notice this with the naked eye because our minds adapt very quickly to perceive the colour of the light as neutral, even when it's not.

The camera is less forgiving, and records colours exactly as they are. That's why pictures taken under household lighting have an orange colour cast, and pictures taken at dusk or dawn have a cold, blue look.

Digital cameras have 'White Balance' controls to correct these colour shifts. This adjustment happens when the camera processes and saves your pictures.

For example, if you take a picture under incandescent lighting, the camera can reduce the amount of orange in the colours and boost the blue to produce more neutral colours.

What is White Balance?

 

What is Exposure?

Exposure is how much light your camera captures in each picture. The amount of light is determined by aperture, shutter speed, and ISO together. A "correct" exposure will display on the camera as a middle line under a triangle. Exposure is commonly called "stops" and if the line goes above or below the triangle it can become over or under exposed by a certain number of stops in the picture to the right there is + 1, 2 and -1,2 stops.

 

What are Metering Modes?

Exposure is how much light your camera captures in each picture. The amount of light is determined by aperture, shutter speed, and ISO together. A "correct" exposure will display on the camera as a middle line under a triangle. Exposure is commonly called "stops" and if the line goes above or below the triangle it can become over or under exposed by a certain number of stops in the picture to the right there is + 1, 2 and -1,2 stops.

Photo III

 

Principles of Art

Repetition

Unity

Pattern

Porportion

Variety

Balance

Rhythm

Movement

Emphasis

Photo IV

Portfolio

Breadth

Concentration

Subject

Lighting

Lighting Setups

Photoshop Tools

Yearbook

Portfolio

Breadth

Concentration

Subject

Lighting

Lighting Setups

Photoshop Tools